Anti-Semitism has found new prominence in British politics. No longer is it confined to the neo-Nazi and skinhead movements of the seventies, but has now emerged from Jeremy Corbyn and his anti-Zionist, left-wing Labour Party. Since his election as leader of Britain’s second-largest political party in 2015, the openness of anti-Semites, mainly members and organisers in his party, has increased dramatically, as well as the number of attacks on Jews. Britain’s anti-Semitism has become a game of the wolf and the fox: the wolf is the obvious aggressor, violent and unabashed of its aim, while the fox is sly, pushing its agenda quietly and subtly, with small, yet effective, moves. Political scientists have used the idea of the ‘fox and the wolf’ for the past few decades in describing the tactics of hate movements. One knows how they feel about wolves. It’s the foxes one has to watch out for; they can ultimately make a stronger and more lasting impact.

Britain has its fair share of wolves, many of whom belong to the Labour Party. Examples of such people are numerous, but two cases stand out particularly: the first is Naz Shah, a member of Corbyn’s cabinet. Shah was found to have shared a post on Facebook in 2014 that supported the “relocation of Israel to the United States” and to have commented on the post: “it would save [Jews] some pocket money” and “problem solved.” She was then temporarily suspended from the party, but, after running for Parliament again the following election, she was reinstated as a cabinet member, and the support in her constituency doubled. Soon after, Ken Livingstone, former London mayor and decades-long Corbyn supporter, went on the radio to support her and ended up calling Hitler a Zionist. He was temporarily suspended as well.

Corbyn, on the other hand, is the textbook definition of the “fox.” He is well known for his anti-Semitic leanings but is not open about them, and the occurrences that make his views clear are rarely as straightforward as Livingstone’s screw-up. Corbyn presents the image of a pure-souled socialist, bringing promises of free university fees and improving healthcare quality as fast as he can on his signature tandem bicycle. And, yet, Corbyn has been linked to anti-Israel groups run by Holocaust deniers, has compared Israelis to Nazis, and has described the terrorist groups Hamas and Hezbollah, organizations that distribute “informational” anti-Semitic propaganda about a “Jewish World Dominion” to young boys, as “friends.” Overall, he has strained the relationship between Britain’s Jews and the Labour Party immensely. To top it all off, he refused to apologize for laying a wreath at a ceremony in Tunisia in 2014 for the perpetrators of the 1972 Munich terrorist attack. From looking at or hearing him, one would never expect these faults. He is not waving a swastika or spreading conspiracies about Jews in Parliament. He is subtle. He is the fox.

Corbyn’s supporters are plentiful. Somehow, in a subdued way, he has spread his gospel—a sour mix of criticism of Israel and conspiracies about Jews—throughout his party, despite his friendly appearance. Many are still slow to criticise him, as the Labour Party’s reputation as a group ‘standing for minority rights’ puts him at odds with the image of an anti-Semitic group leader. Despite all his faults, his support continues to grow. In 2017, an electorally successful year for Labour, there was a 34% rise in violent assaults against Jews in Britain. This also correlates with particularly strained relations between Palestinians and Israelis in the first half of that year. His supporters and many other anti-Zionists accused of anti-Semitism will always be covering up their tracks, giving excuses for former “mishaps,”and brushing over their rather public, anti-Semitic leanings. A keen eye, however, is always enough to see though that veil. As Malcolm X, the creator of the “fox-and-wolf” metaphor, put it: “A fox is almost always more dangerous in the forest than the wolf; you can see the wolf coming, you know what he’s up to, but the fox will fool you. He comes at you with his mouth shaped in such a way that, even though you see his teeth, you think he’s smiling.”