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In the early morning of September 6, a migrant center in Forges-les-Bains was burned to cinders just hours before Mayor Anne Hidalgo announced Paris’s plans to set up two large migrant camps. The uninhabited center had been built with the intention of housing around 90 refugees.

To understand this pushback against refugees, we must look at the fire in a larger context. Within the past two years, Paris has welcomed 15,000 refugees from countries such as Sudan, Afghanistan, and Eritrea. According to Hidalgo, “Paris has experienced an unprecedented flow of migrants. Every day, dozens of migrants arrive on our territory,” an influx that certainly has not gone unnoticed. Just a few weeks earlier, French Interior Minister Bernard Cazaneueve pledged to shut down the famous camp in Calais called “The Jungle,” where thousands of migrants live in poor conditions, and few days later, an empty camp in Essonne was set ablaze in the middle of the night. “The Jungle” was indeed shut down on October 26.

To many Europeans, refugees are associated with ISIS attacks, and incidents within the past year have only served to reaffirm this belief. But the problem with refugee camps doesn’t stop there.  Few refugee camps are effectively planned and equipped to comfortably house people. Hidalgo’s announcement came after police dismantled a makeshift camp between Jaurès and Stalingrad stations that housed several hundred people in northern Paris. Migrants had no running water or washing facilities, living in poverty with neither basic necessities nor a sense of direction. As Hidalgo said, “makeshift camps continue to emerge in the public space. They are unhealthy and dangerous, and the migrants are living under shameful conditions. This has also become a source of disturbance for residents in the neighborhood.”

It is unfortunate that many Europeans see an increased number of refugees as an increased likelihood of terrorist attacks and negatively associate refugees with Islam. In a survey in September, less than four in ten responded that having increased diversity in ethnicity and nationality bettered their living.

Even so, none of these reasons excuse acts like arson. Violence is not the answer and is in many ways regressive. As Hidalgo said to CNN affiliate BFMTV, “Whoever did this should be incredibly ashamed of themselves. If they think this is what our country’s value[s] are about, they are wrong. It is despicable, deplorable, and criminal to act this way. I hope that we will find them and sanction them.”

Luckily, these pushbacks have not deterred Hidalgo and the international charity group Emmaus from making plans for future camps. The first center, which has 400 beds and will soon have 200 more, will be completed in mid-October, and is intended to be built in the northern fringe of Paris. The €6.5-million ($7.2 million) Paris center aims to take refugees off the streets for “five to ten days,” while they wait for a place in an official hostel. While this first camp is meant to temporarily house men, the second is geared towards accommodating women and children. That center will be opened in Ivry-sur-Seine to the southeast of Paris later on in the year.

While there is no clear way to solve the issue of refugee housing in Europe and the rest of the world, it is becoming apparent that the pushback against refugees has much to do with stereotyping—a social issue that can be combatted in school and with media. As the world gears up to fight ISIS, it is important that we focus on defeating the real enemy- not imagining one where none exists.